Portable artifacts and raw materials

Portable artifacts including their typology, dispersion and production are a common theme in archaeology in general and Islamic Archaeology in particular. Most studies appear under the publication of sites’ final reports. In this section you will find a sample of researches which pose broader questions.


from excavations and from private collections.


journals, databases and references, with a special focus on the Levant


Freestone, Ian C., et al., 2015. “Glass Production at an Early Islamic Workshop in Tel Aviv”, JAS 62: 45-54.

Gorin-Rosen, Yael, 2010. “The Islamic Glass Vessels”, in: Oren Gutfeld, Ramla: Final Report on the Excavations North of the White Mosque, Qedem 51, Jerusalem, 213-264.

Henderson, Julian, 1985. “The Raw Materials of Early Glass Production”, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 4(3): 267-291.

Henderson, Julian, McLoughlin, Sean D., and David S. McPhail, 2004. “Radical Changes in Islamic Glass Technology: Evidence for Conservatism and Experimentation with New Glass Recipes from Early and Middle Islamic Raqqa, Syria”, Archeometry 46(3): 439-468.

Hoffmann Barfod, Gry, et al., 2018. “Geochemistry of Byzantine and Early Islamic Glass from Jerash, Jordan: Typology, Recycling, and Provenance“, Geoarchaeology 2018.

Pollak, Rachel, 2007. “Excavation in Marcus Street, Ramla: The Glass Vessels”, Contract Archaeology Reports 2: 100-133.

Tal, Oren, Jackson-Tal, Ruth E., and Ian C. Freestone, 2008. “A Secondary Glass Workshop”, in: Oren Tal and Itamar Taxel, Ramla (South): An Early Islamic Industrial Site and Remains of Previous Periods, SER 5, Tel Aviv, 66-76.


Plesa, Alexandra D., 2017. “Religious Belief in Burial: Funerary Dress and Practice at the Late Antique and Early Islamic Cemeteries at Matmar and Mostagedda, Egypt (Late Fourth–­Early Ninth Centuries CE)”, Ars Orientalis 47: 18-42.

Shamir, Orit, 2015. “Egyptian and Nubian Textiles from Qasr el-Yahud, 9th Century AD”, in: Antoine De Moor, Cäcilia Fluck, and Petra Linscheid (eds.), Textiles, Tools and Techniques of the 1st Millennium AD from Egypt and Neighbouring Countries, Tielt: Lannoo, 49-59.


Le Maguer, Sterenn, 2011. “Typology of Incense-Burners of the Islamic Period”, Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 41: 173-183.

Mcsweeney, Anna, 2011. “The Tin Trade and Medieval Ceramics: Tracing the Sources of Tin and its Influence on Mediterranean Ceramics Production”, al-Masāq 23(3): 155-169.

Williams-Thorpe, Olwen, and Thorpe, Richard S., 1993. “Geochemistry and Trade of Eastern Mediterranean Millstones from the Neolithic to Roman Periods”, Journal of Archaeological Science 20: 263-320.