Eastern coins

Eastern Sistan Series in an online Portal for Coin Auctions.

Umayyad coins

Amān-ar-Raḥmān. 2011. Studies in the Aman-ur-Rahman collection. Verlag der Österr. Akad, der Wiss.

Baratova, L. et all. 2012. Sylloge Nummorum Sasanisarum Usbekistan: Sasanidische Münzen und ihre Imitationen aus Bukhara, Termes und Chaganian 51. Veröffentlichungen der Numismatischen Kommission. [the book discussed the role of Sasanians, Huns and local coinage in Northern Tukharistan in the early Islamic period].

Bates, M. L. (Forthcoming). ‘The Arab-Sasanian Silver Coinage of Fars’,  [the book covers half of Iran’s total coinage issue in the last half of the seventh century.]

Bates, M. L. 1986. ‘Arab-Sasanian Numismatics’, Encyclopædia Iranica, 225-29.

DeShazo, A. S. 1974. ‘The Basra Dirhams of  ‘Ubayd Allah’, Numismatic Circular 82, no.11, 436-37.

Errington, E. 2010. ‘Differences in the Patterns of Kidarite and Alkhan Coin Distribution at Begram and Kashmir Smast’, in   M. Alram and et all (eds.), Coins, Art and Chronology II: The First Millennium C.E. in the Indo-Iranian Borderlands., Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschften.

Errington, E., and J. Cribb (eds.). 1992. The Crossroads of Asia: Transformation in Image and Symbol in the Art of Ancient Afghanistan and Pakistan, Cambridge, Eng.: The Ancient India and Iran Trust.

Gordus, A. A. 1972. ‘Neutron Activation analysis of Coins and Coin-streaks’, in E.T. Hall and D.M. Metcalf (eds.), Methods of chemical and Metallurgical Investigation of Ancient Coinage London, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication No. 8,127-48.

Göbl, R. 1967. Dokumente Zur Geschichte der Iranischen Hunnen in Baktrien Und Indien 2. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. [This book is fundamental research fort the interconnected coinage of the Huns and Turk. The book is based on 1200 coins of approximately 300 different types. The Cultural History of the Western Himalaya from the 8th century, a project directed by Deborah Klimburg-Salter funded by the Austrian Science Fund (NFN) was a collaboration of Art historians, historians, Buddhist philosophers, Tibetologists, Geographers and Archaeologists of the region to revise Göbl’s Dokumente. NFN is the most substantial material basis ever collected for the analysis and reconstruction of Hunic and Early Turkic coinage and monetary history].

Gyselen, R. 2000. Arab-Sasanian Copper Coinage. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, Denkschriften 284. Veröffentlichungen der numismatischen Kommission 34. Vienna: Verlag der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Klaus, V. 2014. Coinage of the Iranian Huns and Their Successors from Bactria to Ghandhara (4th to 8th Century CE) 2 vols. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. [The fourth volume in the series of Studies in the Aman ur Rahman Collection (SARC) covers the coinage of the Iranian Huns and their Successors. At about 2.450 pieces this is probably the most complete assemblage of coins from this period, and also includes a substantial number of hitherto unpublished coin-types. Still the collection is further augmented by reference material from all major museums of the world, so that almost every known type is covered. The aim of this volume, by providing a commented and most complete view of the entire coinage of the Iranian Huns, is to make coins as a primary historic source accessible to the reader and usable for further research for all historic disciplines. The groundbreaking book by Robert Göbl from 1967 is hereby considerably enhanced and partly revised. The book contains 10 chapters, the Kidarites, Dinars (of the Kidarite and Alkhan period), Alkhan, Tobazini, the Hephthalites, Sasanian Coinage and Imitations, Nezak Shahs, Alkhan-Nezak Crossover, the Western Turk Period and finally Gandharan Copper].

Malek, H. M. 2004. The Dâbûyid Ispahbads and Early Abbâsid Governors of Tabaristân: History and Numismatics, London: Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication No. 39.

Marschak, B. I. 1986. Silberschätze Des Orients: Metallkunst Des 3.-13. Leipzig: E.A. Seemann.

Mordtmann, A.D. 1854. ‘Erklarung der Munzen mit Pehlewi-Legenden’, Zeitschrift der Deutschen morgenlandischen Gesellschft, Leipzig,1-209. [Mordtmann main argument in this book is that the Arab governors minted coins after their first attacks against the Sasanian Empire. They continued the Sasanian coinage traditions, but they were aware of the importance of minting coins].

Rezakhani, Kh. 2015. ‘A Note on Al-Khan Coin type 39 and its legend’,  Digital Archive of Brief notes on Iran Review 1, No.1, 24-27.

Sears, S. D. 1989. ‘A Hybird Imitation of Early Muslim Coinage Struck in Sijistan by Abu Bardha’a’,  American Journal of Numismatics1: 137-169.

Treadwell, L. 2011. Craftsmen and Coins: Signed Dies in the Iranian World (third to the fifth centuries AH) 54. Veröffentlichungen der Numismatischen Kommission. [Treadwell discusses engravers ’signatures on early Islamic coin dies. He provides information on the working lives of two metalworking craftsmen who made Die mints in Afghanistan and Iran in the 10th c. CE and argues about the impact of Islam in the Western Himalayan region].

Treadwell, L. 2008. ‘The Copper Coinage of Umayyad Iran’, Numismatic Chronicle 168:  331-81.

John Walker. A. 1941. Catalogue of the Muhammadan Coins in the British Museum: A Catalogue of the Arab-Sassanian Coins, London.

Wurtzel, C. 1978. ‘The Coinage of the Revolutionaries in the Late Umayyad Period’, American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 23:161-99.


Abbasid coins

Bartzak, A. 1997-1998. The Early Abbasid Dinars of the Petrovci Hoard. Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu , 3rd Series, Volume XXX-XXXI, pp. 259-271.

Bates, Michael L. ‘The Coinage of al-Shâsh and Îlâq in the Caliphate’, forthcoming (draft available).

R. Cowell and N. M. Lowick, 1988. ‘Silver from the Panjhîr Mines’, Metallurgy and Numismatics 2: 65-74.

Davidovich, E. A. 1998. ‘Coinage and the Monetary system, Part One: Central Asia’, in M. S. Asimov and C. E. Bosworth (eds.), History of civilizations of Central Asia, IV: The age of achievement: A. D. 750 to the end of the fifteenth century, Part One: The historical, social and economic setting, Paris: UNESCO Publishing, 391-412.

Fedorov, M., B. Kochnev, G. Kurbanov and M. Voegeli. 2008. Sylloge Numorum Arabicorum Tübingen: XVa: Bukara-Samarqand.

Gubae, A., S.D. Loginov and A.B. Nikitin. 1993. ‘Coin finds from the excavations of Ak-depe by the station of Artyk’, Iran XXXI,71-74.

Hattori, N. 1990-2002. The Khulba. Studies on the Islamic Coinages in Central Asia. Volumes 1 – 9 (Complete), with an index in two parts, Kyoto: Published by the author. [It is one the most important work on early Islamic coins from central Asia].

Mitchiner, M. 1973. Multiple Dirhems of Medieval Afghanistan. London: Hawkins Publishing.

Mochiri, M. 1977. Etude de Numismatique Iranienne sous les Sassanides et Arabides. Tome II, Tehran. Paru en 1981.

Rispling, G. 2005. ‘Osteuropäische Nachahmungen islamischer Münzen’, Mayer, Sylloge Jena 1:172-220.

Rispling, G. 2007. ‘Monetary Circulation in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries: A short survey in the light of die studies’, Money Circulation, 51-63.

Schwarz, F. 2002. Sylloge numorum arabicorum Tübingen. Balḫ und die Landschaften am oberen Oxus. XIVc Ḫurāsān III, Tübingen, Berlin: Wasmuth.

Shams-Eshraq, A. 2010. Silver coinage of the Caliphs. London: Spink. [Selective catalog of 1777 Arab-Sasanian, Umayyad, and Abbasid silver (one per year with varying mints), well-illustrated, with x-ref to standard works].

Shams-Eshraq. A. 1369. Nukhostin Sekke haye Emperaturiye Islam (study of the earlisest coinage of the islam empire). Isfahan: Daftare Khadamat Farhangi Estak.

Tobias M. 1998. Sylloge Numorum Arabicorum Tübingen: Nord- und Ostzentralasien, XV b Mittelasien II. Tübingen and Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth Verlag.

Treadwell, L. 2003.’Shahanshah and al-malik al-mu’ayyad: the legitimation of power in Samanid and Buyid Iran’, in J. Meri and F. Daftary (eds.), Culture and Memory in Medieval Islam: Essays in Honour of Wilferd Madelung, London: I.B. Tauris, 318–337.

Treadwell, L. 2007. ‘The Monetary History of the Bukharkuda Dirham (“Black Dirham”) in Samanid Transoxania (204-395/819-1005)’, Coinage and History in the Seventh Century Near East: Papers from the Seventh Century Syrian Numismatic Roundtable 2007 Supplement to ONS Journal 193, 25-40.

Treadwell, L., and V. Kalinin. 2003 . ‘A unique fals of Binkath (Shash) dated 186 AH’, Oriental Numismatic Society Newsletter.

Treadwell, L., and T. Khodjaniyazov . 1998. ‘The Marv hoard of early Islamic dirhams’, Iran 36: 85-94 + 2 plates.

Walker, J. 1936. The Coinage of the Second Saffarid Dynasty in Sistan, New York: American Numismatic Society.