The Arabian Peninsula

The bibliography for this section was compiled by Elizabeth Rachel Hicks. Please contact the curator if you have material to suggest, or comments: elizabethrachelhicks[at]


Atlal: Journal of Saudi Arabian Archaeology

Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy

Proceeding for the Seminar of Arabian Studies

Bulletin of the Society for Arabian Studies


Raydan : journal of ancient Yemeni antiquities and epigraphy

Journal of Oman Studies

The Indian Ocean and general studies

Agius, D.A., 2005. Seafaring in the Arabian Gulf and Oman: People of the Dhow. Abingdon: Routledge.

Al-Abed, I. and P. Hellyer (eds), 2001. The United Arab Emirates: A New Perspective. Abu Dhabi and London: Ministry of Information and Culture and Trident Press.

Carter, R., 2012. Sea of Pearls: Seven Thousand Years of the Industry that Shaped the Gulf. London: Arabian Publishing.

Costa, P. 2001. Historic Mosques and Shrines of Oman. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Exell K., and T. Rico (eds), 2014. Cultural Heritage in the Arabian Peninsula: Debates, Discourses and Practices. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Fromherz, A.J. (ed), The Gulf in World History: Arabian at the Global Crossroads. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Insoll, T., 2005. Changing Identities in the Arabian Gulf: Archaeology, Religion, and Ethnicity in Context, in E.C. Casella and C. Fowler (eds), The Archaeology of Plural and Changing Identities: Beyond Identification. New York: Springer, 192-209.

Potts, D., 1990. The Arabian Gulf in Antiquity. Vol. 2. From Alexander to the Coming of Islam. Clarendon Press: Oxford.

Potts, D., H. Al-Naboodah, and P. Hellyer (eds), 2003. Archaeology of the United Arab Emirates. London: Trident Press Ltd.

Potts, D.T., 2012. In the Land of the Emirates: The Archaeology and History of the UAE. Abu Dhabi and London: Sultan bin Zayed’s Culture and Media Centre and Trident Press Ltd.

Potts, D.T., and P. Hellyer (eds), Fifty Years of Emirates Archaeology. Abu Dhabi: Motivate Publishing,

Sedov, A.V., 1998. Qana’ (Yemen) and the Indian Ocean: The Archaeological Evidence, in H.P. Ray and J.F. Salles (eds), Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean. Manohar: New Delhi, 11-35

Whitehouse, D., 1979. Maritime Trade in the Arabian Sea: The 9th and 10th Centuries AD, in M. Taddei (ed.), South Asian Archaeology 1977, Vol. 2, Papers from the Fourth International Conference of South Asian Archaeologists in Western Europe. Naples: Instituto Universitario Orientale, Seminario Di Asiatici (Series Minor IV), 865-85.

Whitehouse, D., 1979. Islamic Glazed Pottery in Iraq and the Persian Gulf: The Ninth and Tenth Centuries. Annali dell’Instituto universitario orientale di Napoli 29, 44-61.

Whitehouse, D., and A. Williamson, 1973. Sasanian Maritime Trade. Iran 11, 29-49.

Archaeological sites


Insoll, T. (with other contributions). 2005. The Land of Enki in the Islamic Era. Pearls, Palms, and Religious Identity in Bahrain. London: Kegan Paul. 

Insoll, T. 2005. Archaeology and Islamic Identities in Bahrain. Antiquity 79: 601-8.

Insoll, T., Almahari, S., and MacLean, R. 2019. The Islamic Funerary Inscriptions of Bahrain, Pre-1317 AH/1900 AD. (Handbook of Oriental Studies Volume 126) Leiden: Brill.

Insoll, T., Carter, R. A., Almahari, S., and MacLean, R. 2021. Excavations at Samahij, Bahrain, and the Implications for Christianity, Islamisation, and Settlement in Bahrain. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 32: 1-27.

Insoll, T. and Hutchins, E. 2005. The Archaeology of Disease: Molluscs as Potential Disease Indicators in Bahrain. World Archaeology 37: 579-88.


Carter, R., 2013. Christianity in the Gulf after the coming of Islam: redating the Churches and Monasteries of Bet Qatraye, in C. J. Robin and J. Schiettecatte (eds), Les preludes de l’Islam: Ruptures et continuités dans les civilisations du Proche-Orient, de l’Afrique orientale, de l’Arabie et de l’Inde à la veille de l’Islam. Paris: De Boccard, 311-330.

Costa, P.M. and Wilkinson, T.J., 1987. “The Hinterland of Sohar: Archaeological Surveys and Excavations within the Region of an Omani Seafaring City”, The Journal of Oman Studies 9.

Insoll, T., Almahari, S. and MacLean, R. 2020.  Ain Abu Zaydan Mosque and Spring: Archaeological and Historical Study (in Arabic). Al-Bahrain Al-Thaqafia 101: 103-126.  

Insoll, T., Almahari, S., MacLean, R., Priestman, S., Al-Mearaj, M., and Overton, N. 2016. Bilad al-Qadim Revisited: Recent Archaeological Research at the Al-Khamis Mosque, Ain Abu Zaydan and Abu Anbra, Bahrain. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 27: 215-242.

Kennet, D., 2004. Sasanian and Islamic pottery from Ras al-Khaimah: classification, chronology and analysis of trade in the Western Indian Ocean. Oxford: Archaeopress (Society for Arabian Studies Monographs 1)

Kennet, Derek, 2014. Khadhima: Kuwait in the Early Centuries of Islam, Kuwait: NCCAL.Lababidi R., and F. Ravaioli (eds), 2017. Heritage Preservation in Islamic Contexts. Doha: Akkadia Press.

Al-Rāshid, Saʿad A., 1980. Darb Zubaydah: The Pilgrim Road from Kufa to Mecca, Riyad: Riyad University Libraries.

Al-Rāshid, Saʿad bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, 1986. Al-Rabadhah. A Portrait of Early Islamic Civilisation in Saudi Arabia, Riyadh: King Saudi University.

Rougeulle, A. (dir) 2015. Sharma : Un entrepôt du commerce médiéval sur la côte du Ḥaḍramawt (Yémen, ca. 980-1180), British Foundation for the Study of Arabia Monographs 17, Oxford.

Schiettecatte, Jérémie, and Alghazzi, Abdulaziz, 2016. Al-Kharj. Report on Two Excavation Seasons in the Oasis of al-Kharj, 2011-2012, Saudi Arabia, Series of Archaeological Refereed Studies 40.Tampoe, M., 1989. Maritime Trade Between China and the West: An Archaeological Study of the Ceramics from Siraf (Persian Gulf) 8th-15th Century AD. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Alzahrani, Abdullah, 2014. “Mining in al-Baha Region, South-Western Saudi Arabia in Islamic-Era: The Archaeology of Asham”, unpublished PhD thesis, University of York.